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The Grenadiers
  

History

1.   The GRENADIERS originated as storm troopers moving ahead of attacking troops, throwing grenades on the entrenched and barricaded enemy, during the early 17th century.  In 1640 AD, the Prussian Army recruited tall and sturdy soldiers to hurl grenades at the enemy.  These men were mentally and physically robust and were employed for the most difficult and dangerous tasks and with devastating effect against enemy fortifications.  These soldiers were called the GRENADIERS, specially selected for their physique and impressive height, this elite force of storm troopers proudly occupied the right flank of any parade.  Subsequently, ‘The GRENADIERS’ was the title endowed upon units with an outstanding battle record.  The Grenadiers still exist in more than one continent.  The Grenadiers battalions can be found in Germany, Austria, Russia, France, Britain, Canada and the Scandinavian countries.

2.   The Grenadiers in India have a long and illustrious history of valour and sacrifice, dating back several centuries.  The first battalion of GRENADIERS was raised in India in 12 Nov 1779.  It is one of the most highly decorated Regiments of the Indian Army, having won three Param Vir Chakras, two Ashok Chakras, seven Maha Vir Chakras, eight Kirti Chakras, 47 Vir Chakras and 55 Shaurya Chakra after Independence.  In addition, it has to its credit, six Victoria Crosses, thirty nine Military Crosses  and one hundred and four other medals of the pre-Independence era.  Over its long and

illustrious history, the Regiment has fought numerous battles on Indian soil and overseas, winning praise and appreciation for its outstanding performance in battle.  For its gallant performance, the Regiment has earned 38 Battle Honours, pre-Independence and five Battle Honours in the post Independence era.

3.    A GRENADIERS Battalion in Oct 1947 moved to Jammu & Kashmir to beat back the Pakistanis.  The unit captured Razdan pass on night 26/27 May 1948.  Thereafter, the battalion was tasked to capture ‘GURAIS’ to seal the ingress route of the enemy.  The battalion  wrestled GURAIS from the enemy on 28 Jun 1948 after many days of heavy fighting and  was  awarded  the  Battle  Honour  ‘GURAIS’.   During 1965 a GRENADIERS battalion stood like a rock and thereby singularly achieved the impossible by halting the Pakistani 1st Armoured Division attack at Assal Uttar near Amritsar.  The Unit saved Amritsar.  CQMH   Abdul  Hamid,   PVC  became  a  legend   by  destroying 7 Patton Tanks of the Pakistan Army from his Jeep mounted Recoilless Gun. A Light Machine Gun detachment of the unit killed Major General Nasir Ahmad Khan GOC of 1st Armoured Division and Brigadier AR Shamim, Commander Pak Artillery Brigade thus halting their advance.  In Aug 1967 at Nathula in Sikkim, the Chinese tasted the wrath of a GRENADIERS battalion, while they were laying barbed wire to demarcate the International border.  After four days of bitter fighting, the Chinese, for the first time pleaded for cease-fire.    On 16 Dec 1971 at Jarpal,  Charlie Company of a GRENADIERS battalion  under command of Major Hoshiyar Singh beat back repeated Pakistani attacks.  This battlefield had the distinction of winning the highest battle honours of both the countries. Major Hoshiyar Singh was awarded Param Vir Chakra. Based  on    a   citation    forwarded   by Lieutenant Colonol  (Later  Lieutenant  General)   VP   Airy, Commanding Officer, a GRENADIERS Battalion, Lieutenant Colonol Mohammed Akram Raza, Commanding  Officer of  35   Frontier    Force of Pakistan Army was awarded Nishan-e-Haider (Posthumously) by  Pakistan.  A GRENADIERS battalion earned nationwide praise for its stellar role in recapturing Tiger Hill from the infiltrators at Kargil on 04 July 99 which led to Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who was in U.S.A., ordering the infiltration force  to pull back.  GRENADIER (Now Havildar) Yogendra Singh Yadav was awarded the Param Vir Chakra for his courage and valour in this action.  The GRENADIERS also formed part of the peace keeping force in Korea, Indo-China, Gaza, Sri-Lanka and Sierra Leone.

4.   The GRENADIERS Regimental Centre (GRC) located in Jabalpur, which trains young soldiers, is the only Regimental Centre in the Indian Army to have taken part in war against French forces of Napoleon in Egypt in 1801.  This was the first overseas expedition undertaken by Indian troops. The GRENADIERS Regimental Centre was awarded the Battle Honour ‘EGYPT’ and the honour of wearing the ‘Sphinx’ on their cap badges. ‘EGYPT DAY’ is celebrated every year on 10 Dec.

5.   The GRENADIERS Regimental Centre is probably the only Regimental Centre in the history of the Indian Army, called upon to participate in active operations.  The GRENADIRS Regt  has displayed supremacy not only in the battle field but also has won laurels in the field of sports at International level. Col Rajya Vardhan Singh Rathore, AVSM  of this Regt won a Gold Medal in the Asian Clay Shooting Championship held in Bangkok in 2005.  He has also been awarded the Country’s highest sports award ‘The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award’ in 2005.   Not only the GRENADIERS Regt, but the entire Nation is proud of his achievement. 

6.   Presently the Regiment reflects the true picture of unity in diversity as it comprises Jats, Rajputs, Dogras, Kayumkhanis, Muslims, Ahirs, Gujjars, Meenas, Kutchies and other Indian Castes.  The war cry of the Regiment is ‘SARVADA SHAKTISHALI’ and is followed in letter and spirit.  Maj Gen SK Bhardwaj, SM is presently the Colonel of The GRENADIERS, and Brig R Ravindran Centre Commandant.



Award Winners : Post-Independence


Param Vir Chakra (PVC)

Ser No Rank Name year
1. CQMH Abdul Hamid (Posth) 1965
2. Maj Hoshiar Singh 1971
3. Gdr Yogendra Singh Yadav 1999 (OP Vijay)

Ashok Chakra (AC)

1. 2Lt Rakesh Singh (Posth) 1994
2. Maj RK Joon, AC, SC (Posth) 1995



Mahavir Chakra (MVC)

1. 2Lt GVP Rao (Posth) Oct 1962
2. Lt Col Rai Singh (now Brig Retd) Sep 1967
3. Lt  Col VP Airy (now Lt Gen  Retd) Dec 1971
4. Maj DV Singh (now Col Retd) Dec 1971
5. Brig AHE Michigan (now Late Maj Gen) Dec 1971
6. Maj Rajesh Singh Adhikari (Posth) 1999 (OP Vijay)
7. Lt Balwan Singh (now Maj) 1999 (OP Vijay)

Kirti Chakra (KC)

1. Gdr Daryao Singh Sep 1948
2. Gdr Gopal Singh (Posth) Jun 1981
3. Gdr Bajrang Singh (Posth) Jun 1981
4. Nk Prakash Chand May 1990
5. Lt Ravinder Chikara (Posth) 2001
6. Gdr Anil Kumarm(Posth) 2003
7. Col GS Sarna (Posth) 2006
8. Maj Rajinder Kumar Sharma 15 Aug 08



Vir Chakra (VrC)

Ser No Rank Name year
1.. Capt MY Shete 1948
2. Sub Maj Jug Lal 1948
3. Sub Gopal Ram 1948
4. Jem Gugan Ram 1948
5. Nk Birbal Ram 1948
6. L Nk Ladu Ram 1948
7. Sep Harnam 1948
8. Capt PS Dagar (Posth) 1967
9. Hav Lakhmi Chand (Posth) 1967
10. Maj PS Grewal 1965
11. Maj SS Negi 1965
12. Sub Dina Nath (Posth) 1965
13. Hav Jaswant Singh 1971
14. Gdr Ram Kumar 1971
15. L Nk Sardar Singh 1962
16. Maj VK Vaid 1971
17. Gdr Gurbux Singh (Posth) 1971
18. Gdr Amrit Singh 1971
19. Maj Hamir Singh 1971
20. Maj MH Khan (Late) 1971

21. Maj SS Rathore 1971
22. Hav Nand Ram 1971
23. Nk Sirdar Khan 1971
24. Gdr Murad Khan 1971
25. Gdr Rafiq Khan 1971
26. Lt Col Raj Singh 1971
27. Maj GK Trivedi (Late) 1971
28. Capt NN Rao (AMC) 1971
29. Sub Sita Ram (Posth) 1971
30. Gdr Gorakh Ram (Posth) 1971
31. Maj SS Ahluwalia 1971
32. Maj Puran Singh (Posth) 1965
33. Maj JS Rathore 1971
34. Gdr Mangal Singh 1971
35. Maj MH Khan 1971
36. Maj Hamir Singh 1971
37. Col Ajit Singh (late) 1971
38. L Nk R Singh 1971
39. Maj VK Vaid 1971
40. Lt Col R Viswanathan (Posth) 1999
41. Capt SA Nimbalkar 1999
42. Sub Randhir Singh (Posth) 1999
43. Hav Udham Singh (Posth) 1999
44. Hav Mohan Singh (Posth) 1999
45. L/Hav Ram Kumar (Posth) 1999
46. Maj GS Chundawat 2000
47. Sub Ujeen Singh Shekhwal (Posth) 2000



Shaurya Chakra (SC)

Ser No Rank Name Year
1. Civ Camelier Chattar Singh 1971
2. Gdr Surender Singh Mann (Posth) 1996
3. Gdr Ranjit (Posth) 1996
4. Maj Dharmesh Yadav 2002
5. Maj Kamlesh Marik Raw Shende 2006
6. Lt Col RA Shebbeare 1947
7. Maj SL Menezes 1947
8. Gdr Richhpal 1947
9. Jem Samunder Singh 1947
10. Gdr Sardari Lal 1959
11. Gdr Karnail Singh (Posth) 1995
12. Capt Jitendra Kumar 1996
13. L/Hav Ranpat Singh 1996
14. 2 Lt Lalit Sharma 1995
15. L Nk Parsa Ram Jat 1995
16. Lt Col S Bhatti 2000
17. Sub Prit Pal Singh 2004
18. NK Ram Singh 1973
19. Maj GL Paneri 1984
20. Gdr Mohd Ikram 2001

21. Lt Ravindra Chikara (Posth) 2001
22. Hav Musli Ram 1956
23. Hav Raj Singh (Posth) 2004
24. Hav Jarkaram Singh(Posth) 1947
25. Capt H Raj Kumar (Late) 2001
26. Hav Parshotam Singh 1999
27. Gdr Arjan Singh (Posth) 2004
28. Gdr Bhageerath Karwarna (Posth) 2003
29. Maj Shineesh Mukundan 2006
30. Nk Jatiya Ram (Posth) 1968
31. Hav Chhotu Singh 1983
32. Gdr Ram Narain Singh 1985
33. Maj BS Rathore 2000
34. CQMH Sushil Kumar 2001
35. Maj DK Paddi (Posth) 2006
36. Sub Samde Khan 2006
37. Hav Santosh Kumar 2006
38. Capt NS Ahlawat (Posth) 1974
39. Gdr Ramesh Singh 1991
40. Gdr SS Baghel 1994
41. L/Nk Jaibir Singh 1999
42. Lt Vivek Sajwan (Posth) 1998
43. Maj Harmindar Pal Singh (late) 1999
44. Maj Viswajeet Singh (late) 1998
45. L/Nk Pappu Ram (Posth) 2005
46. L/Nk Jardish Ahmed** (Posth) 1993
47. Nk Tej Singh 1994
48. Capt RK Joon 1994
49. L/Nk Rajmal Meena (Posth) 1996
50. Hav Bame Singh Gujar (Posth) 1999
51. Gdr Yaspal Singh (Posth) 2004
52. Capt Shashi Bhusan Singh(Posth) 2006
53. L/NK Jyotish Prakash (Posth) 2007
54. Gdr Gdr Khillu Ram Meena (Posth) 15 Aug 08
55. Maj RK Sharma 26 Jan 09


Battle Honours

Pre-World War -1

1. MANGALORE - 1784 9. MEEANE-1843
2. MYSORE-1786 10.. PUNJAB-1848
3. SRIRANGAPATNAM - 1799 11. CENTRAL INDIA-1858
4. EGYPT-1802 12. ABYSSINIA-1868
5. KOREGAUM-1818 13. KANDAHAR - 1880
6. BENI-BOO-ALI-1821 14. AFGHANISTAN-1878-80
7. KIRKEE-1827 15. BURMA-1885-87
8. HYDERABAD-1831-43 16. SOMALI LAND
(DHARATOL) – 1901 – 04

World War-I

1. EAST AFRICA -1914 8. SHARQUAT
2. BAGHDAD-1917 9. MEGIDDO
3. EGYPT-1916-17 10. MESOPOTAMIA-1915-18
4. KUT-AL-AMARA-1917 11. ADEN-1914-19
5. PALESTINE-1918 12. AFGHANISTAN-1919
6. GAZA -1918 13. TIGRIS-1919
7. NABLUS-1918    


World War-II

1. KOHIMA - 1944 6. CAPUTRE OF MEIKTILA - 1945
2. KALEWA - 1944 7. DEFENCE OF MEIKTILA - 1945
3. NAGA VILLAGE - 1944 8. PEGU-1945
4. FORT DUFFERIN - 1945 9. TAUNGTHA - 1945
5. PWABWE - 1945    

Post Independence

1. GURAIS - 1948 4. CHAKRA - 1971
2. ASAL UTTAR - 1965 5. TOLOLING & TIGER HILL - 1999
3. JARPAL -   1971    

Total Pre & Post Independence Battle Awards - 43

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