Organisational Set-Up And Functions
After independence, the Ministry of Defence was created under the
charge of a Cabinet Minister and each Service was placed under its
own Commander-in-Chief. In 1955, the Commanders-in-Chief were
renamed as the Chief of the Army Staff, the Chief of the Naval Staff
and the Chief of the Air Staff. In November 1962, the Department of
Defence Production was set up to deal with research, development and
production of defence equipment. In November, 1965, the Department
of Defence Supplies was created for planning and execution of
schemes for import substitution of defence requirements. These two
Departments were later merged to form the Department of Defence
Production and Supplies. In 2004, the name of Department of Defence
Production and Supplies was changed to Department of Defence
Production. In 1980, the Department of Defence Research and
Development was created. In 2004, the Department of Ex-Servicemen
Welfare was created.
The Defence Secretary functions as head of the Department of Defence
and is additionally responsible for co-ordinating the activities of
the four Departments in the Ministry.
The Ministry And Its Departments
The principal task of the Ministry is to frame policy directions on
defence and security related matters and communicate them for
implementation to the Services Headquarters, Inter-Service
Organisations, Production Establishments and Research & Development
Organisations. It is required to ensure effective implementation of
the Government's policy directions and the execution of approved
programmes within the allocated resources.
The Department of Defence deals with the Integrated Defence
Staff (IDS) and three Services and various Inter Service
Organisations. It is also responsible for the Defence Budget,
establishment matters, defence policy, matters relating to
Parliament, defence co-operation with foreign countries and
co-ordination of all defence related activities.
The Department of Defence Production is headed by a Secretary
and deals with matters pertaining to defence production,
indigenisation of imported stores, equipment and spares, planning
and control of departmental production units of the Ordnance Factory
Board and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs).
The Department of Defence Research and Development is headed
by a Secretary, who is the Scientific Adviser to the Raksha Mantri.
Its function is to advise the Government on scientific aspects of
military equipment and logistics and the formulation of research,
design and development plans for equipment required by the Services.
The Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare is headed by a
Secretary and deals with all resettlement, welfare and pensionary
matters of Ex-Servicemen.