1 st Battalion, 3rd GORKHA RIFLES was raised on 24 April 1815 as "KUMAON BATTALIONS". In 1907, the regiment was redesignated as 3rd Queen Alexandra's Own GORKHA RIFLES.During the First World War, the regiment distinguished itself in France, Gaza and Palestine and won 18 battle honours. During the Second World War, the regiment fought in Burma, Malaya, Java, Indonesia, Iraq, Persia, Palestine, North Africa and Cyprus and again proved its mettle.Post-Independence, the regiment won the Battle Honour "Pirkanthi" in Uri Sector in 1948 and "Shingo" in the Kargil Sector in 1971. 1/3 GR has the distinction of being the first battalion in the post-Independence period to carry out amphibious operations during the 1971 operation. Colonel JR Chitnis, CO 1/3 GR was honoured with the Ashoka Chakra (Posthumous) in Nagaland in 1956.The Regimental Centre combined with that of 9th GORKHA RIFLES is located at Varanassi, Uttar Pradesh. The Regiment draws its manpower from the Gurung, Thapa, Magar and Pun clans of Central Nepal and from the Indian Domiciled Gorkhas.
Regimental Centre : Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
A pair of crossed Khukris with the edge upwards, with a star in-between and the numeral 3 within surmounted by the Ashoka Capital.
Kafar Hunu Bhanda Marnu Ramro (Better to Die than being a coward)
Ayo Gorkhali (The Gorkhas are here)
Delhi, Chitral, Ahmedkhel, Afghanistan, Burma, Tirah Punjab Frontier, La Bassee, Armentiers, Festubert, Givenchy, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, France and Flanders, Egypt, Gaza, El Mighar, Nebi Samwil, Jerusalem, Tell-Asur, Megiddo, Sharon, Palestine, Sharqat, Messopotamia, Deir El Shein, North Africa, Monte Della Gorgace, II Castello, Monte Farneto, Monte Cavallo, Italy, Sittang, Kyaukse, Imphal, Tuitum, Sakawng, Shenam Pass, Bishenpur, Tengnoupal, Burma, Meiktila, Defence of Meiktila, Rangoon Road, Pyawbwe, Pegu, Pirkanthi and Shingo River.
Honours & Awards
3 Victoria Cross, 38 Military Cross, 01 Ashok Chakras, 01 Maha Vir Chakra, 5 Vir Chakras, 8 Shaurya Chakras, 2 Kirti Chakras, 41 Sena Medals, 11 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, 9 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals, 5 Uttam Yudh Seva Medals, 1 Yudh Seva Medal, 19 Vishisht Seva Medals and 165 COAS Commendation Cards, 17 VCOAS Commendation Cards and 162 GOC-in-C Commendation Cards.