first recorded use of Artillery in India is at the Battle of Adoni
in 1368. In the Deccans the Bahamani kings led by Mohammand Shah
Bahamani used a train of Artillery against the Raja of Vijaya-nagar.
Mountain Battery was raised as the 8th Company of the Golandaz
Battalion, Bombay Foot Artillery on 28 September 1827. At present it
forms part of 57 Field Regiment. 28 September is thus celebrated as
the aftermath of 1857, a majority of the Artillery units were
disbanded with only the mountain batteries being retained for
development in the rugged North West Frontier during Afghan Wars.
School of Artillery was established in Kabul in 1923. The Mountain
Artillery Training Centre came into being at Dehradun moving to
Lucknow and later to Ambala. The Field Artillery Trainign Centre
came up at Mathura.
was the first battle of Panipat in 1526, that the Mughal Emperor
Babur first used Artillery in North India to decisively defeat
Ibrahim Lodhi, the Afghan king of Delhi. Artillery flourished
extensively under the Mughal kings at Delhi, Tipu Sultan in Mysore
and the Nizam in Hyderabad. It was the Sikhs however, who made the
most effective use of Artillery in Indian history under Maharaja
Ranjit Singh who raised it to a high standard of battle efficiency.
first recorded endeavour to locate enemy guns in India can be traced
back to the Battle of Kttor by Tipu Sultan. The modern Indian
Surveillance and Target Acquisition (SATA) Gunner evolved from a
humble beginning in 1925 when the ‘Nine Originals’ were put together
under Captain EB Culverwell, MC to form the First Survey Section at
the School of Artillery, Kabul. This nucleus by Augest 1942 had
expanded to become the 1st Indian Survey Regiment.
three Indian Officers were Initially commissioned into Artillery
from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. The first Indian officer
to be commissioned into Artillery was Prem Singh Gyani followed by
PP Kumaramangalam as AS Kalha. They were posted to A Field Brigade
raised on 15 Jan 1935 Banglore