11 Gorkha Rifles

Raising

11 Gorkha Rifles was raised after independence by a Tripartite Agreement between Govt of India, Nepal and Britain on 09 Nov 1947. As per this agreement, the 2nd, 6th, 7th and 10th Gorkha Rifles were tfr to On 01 Jan 1948, 11 Gorkha Rifles Regimental Centre was raised at Palampur, the erstwhile Regt Trg Centre of 7 Gorkha Rifles. In 1948, as the No of non optees increased, three units were raised. Later one bn was raised in 1960 and remaining three were raised after the Sino Indian Conflict in 1962.ian and Nepalese Govts. Tps from the 7th and 10th Gorkha Rifles opted against the tfr to the British Army in large numbers. Tps of the 7th and 10th Gorkha Rifles hailed from Eastern Nepal. Since there was no Gorkha Regt in the Indian Army with tps from Eastern Nepal, as also keeping in mind the large No of non-optees and their fighting qualities, it was decided to re-raise 11 Gorkha Rifles, a regt which had been raised and demob in the First Wold War.

On 01 Jan 1948, 11 Gorkha Rifles Regimental Centre was raised at Palampur, the erstwhile Regt Trg Centre of 7 Gorkha Rifles. In 1948, as the No of non optees increased, three units were raised. Later one bn was raised in 1960 and remaining three were raised after the Sino Indian Conflict in 1962.

 Participation in Ops 

The 11 Gorkha Rifles had the proud privilege of having most of its bns participating in practically all the ops undertaken by the Indian Army since independence. The Bns of 11 GR have taken part in Hyderabad ops and J&K ops in 1948, Indo Pak war of 1965 and 1971, famous Chola incident in 1967 where the tps fought a gallant action against the Chinese in a localized border skirmish and Kargil ops in 1999. Some of the maj events are encapsulated in succeeding paras.

1971 Ops. An 11 GR Bn won the Battle Honours ‘Shingo River Valley” and theatre honour ‘J&K’ in Kargil another was awarded battle honour ‘Bogra’ and theater honour ‘East Pakistan’ in Bangla Desh. Yet another Bn was awarded the ‘Theatre Honour J&K, for its stubborn action in Chicken Neck area of J&K in 1971. Rfn Dhan Bahadur Rai of the same bn was awarded VrC for shooting down a Pakistani ac with his LMG in the same ops. The Regt won numerous other awards during the Indo Pak war.

Op PAWAN. Two Bns of the Regt took part in ops in Sri Lanka and acquitted themselves commendably.

Counter Insurgency Ops (NE). All the Bns of the Regt have carried out CI ops in NE. One of the Bn has also been awarded the “COAS Unit Citation” for excellent performance during OP BAJRANG and OP RHINO in Assam.

Op RAKSHAK (J & K). The Regt has performed exceptionally well in Op Rakshak. 2/Lt Puneet Dutt was awarded ‘ASHOKA CHAKRA’ posthumously for his bravery in 1997and one bn has been awarded “COAS Unit Citation” for excellent performance in CI ops in Kashmir valley in 1989-92.

Op MEGHDOOT. Three units of the Regt have participated in Op Meghdoot and gave good acct of themselves at the highest battlefield in the world.

Op VIJAY. The Regt was an active participant in Op Vijay and carved a niche for itself in the annals of the history of Indian Army. Capt Manoj Kumar Pandey was awarded PVC posthumously and his Bn was awarded “COAS Unit Citation” for the second time. The unit has also been conferred with the title of “Bravest of the Brave” and awarded the “Battle Honour BATALIK” and the ‘Theatre Honour KARGIL’ for acts of gallantry in OP VIJAY.

Overseas Msn. Three Bns of the Regt have had the honour to represent India in UN msns, a commendable record for the smallest Regt of the Army.

Wherever the battle fd, the Regt has carved an enviable niche for itself and acquitted itself honourably in keeping with its motto of “YATRAHAM VIJAY STATRA” (In Hindi – Main Jahan Vijay Wahan. In English - We The Metaphor for Victory).

 Battle Honours, Theatre Honours & Unit Citations 

Battle Honour

SHINGO River Valley - 1971
BOGRA - 1971
BATALIK - 1999

Theatre Honour

J&K - 1971
East Pakistan - 1971
J&K - 1971
KARGIL - 1999

COAS Unit Citation

Uri-Baramula(1989-92) - OP RAKSHAK
ASSAM (1990-92) - OP RHINO & OP BAJRANG
1999 - OP VIJAY

GOC-in-C Unit Citation

GOC-in-C,NC - OP RAKSHAK & PARAKRAM
GOC-in-C, CC - OP SAHAYTA (ORISSA)
GOC-in-C, CC - LUCKNOW

Appreciation by FORCE CDR (UN MSN)

2006 - MONUC (CONGO)
2010 - UNIFIL (LEBNON)

 Gallantry Awards The gallantry awards won by the Regt :- 

Pre-Indep Awards (Non Optees to British Army)

Victoria Cross - 01
Military Medal - 21
Indian Distinguished Service Medal - 09
Military Cross - 06
Mentioned-in-Despatches - 31
Indian Order of Merit - 01
Jangi Inam - 24

Post Indep Awards

Padma Bhushan - 01
Param Vir Chakra - 01
Ashok Chakra - 04
Param Vishisht Seva Medal - 12
Maha Vir Chakra - 02
Kirti Chakra - 03
Ati Vishisht Seva Medal - 16
Vir Chakra - 14
Shaurya Chakra - 13
Yudh Seva Medal - 03
Uttam Jeewan Raksha Padak - 01
Sena Medal - 82
Vishisht Seva Medal - 29
Jeevan Raksha Padak - 01
Mentioned-in-Despatches - 31

 Award Winners 

S.No

Rank

Name

Year

Remarks

PARAMVIR CHAKRA

1.

Capt

Manoj Kumar Pandey (Posthumous)

2000

J&K

ASHOK CHAKRA

1.

Capt

Man Bahadur Rai

1961

Nagaland

2.

Lnk

Sal Bahadur Limbu

1962

Nagaland

3.

2Lt

Puneet Nath Dutt (Posthumous)

1997

J&K

4.

Rfn

Sanjog Chhetri (Posthumous)

2003

 

PARAM VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

1.

Lt Gen

GG Bewoor

1969

 

2.

Lt Gen

RD Hira

1971

 

3.

Maj Gen

Shabeg Singh

1971

 

4.

Lt Gen

Sushil Kumar

1977

 

8.

Maj Gen

Rajendra Nath

1982

 

5.

Lt Gen

LS Rawat

1988

 

6.

Lt Gen

FT Dias

1992

 

7.

Maj Gen

Aban Naidu

 

 

9.

Lt Gen

JBS Yadava

2004

 

10.

Lt Gen

BK Bopanna`

2004

 

11.

Lt Gen

PK Rampal

2008

 

12.

Lt  Gen

GM Nair

2012

Distinguished

MAHA VIR CHAKRA

1.

Lt Col

Th Prithivi Chand

1948

J&K

2.

Brig

RD Hira

1965

J&K

KIRTI CHAKRA

1.

Maj

Ushnisha Jaitly (Posthumous)

2002

J&K

2.

Capt

Pankaj Kumar

2007

Assam

3.

Capt

SK Chaudhary (Posthumous)

2008

Assam

ATI VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

1.

Lt Col

Nikhilesh Bose

1961

Sikkim

2.

Brig

Aban Naidu

1969

J&K

3.

Maj Gen

Shabeg Singh

1971

Bangladesh Indo-Pak War

4.

Maj Gen

LS Rawat

1981

J&K

5.

Brig

FT Dias

1981

Mizoram

6.

Brig

NS Nair

1981

 

7.

Brig

NS Tanwar

1982

Western Sector

8.

Brig

SC Kashyap

1986

Mizoram

9.

Maj Gen

SC Kashyap

1990

Bhutan

10.

Maj Gen

P Dutt

1991

J&K

11.

Maj Gen

JBS Yadava

1998

J&K

12.

Maj Gen

BK Bopanna

2000

North East

13.

Maj Gen

PK Rampal

 

GDS Delhi

14.

Maj Gen

KVS Lalotra

2008

17 Mtn Div

15.

Lt Gen

GM Nair

2011

Distinguished

16.

Maj Gen

Rakesh Sharma

2012

Distinguished

PADMA BHUSHAN

1.

Gen

G G Bewoor

 

 

VIR CHAKRA

1.

Rfn

Devi Prasad Limbu

1967

Chola

2.

Hav

Tinjong Lama

1967

Chola

3.

Hav

Phurba Lepcha

1971

OP Cactus Lily

4.

Rfn

Dhan Bahadur Rai

1971

-do-

5.

Lt Col

RB Gurung

1971

J&K

6.

Maj

Vetri Nathan (Posthumous)

1971

J&K

7.

Lt Col

FT Dias

1971

Easter Sector

8.

Maj

Abjeet Singh Mamik

1971

-do-

9.

Maj

BKD Badgel

1971

-do-

10.

Maj

JBS Yadava

1971

-do-

11.

Nk

Tilak Bahadur Rai

1989

OP Pawan

12.

Col

Lalit Rai

1999

J&K

13.

Hav

Bhim Bahadur Dewan

2000

Op Vijay

14.

Lnk

Gyanendra Kumar Rai

2000

Op Vijay

SHAURYA CHAKRA

1.

Capt

N Neog Sharma (AMC)

1966

Mizoram

2.

Nk

Dal Bahadur Limbu

1969

Nagaland

3.

Maj

MMS Bajaj (Posthumous)

1977

Nagaland

4.

Lnk

Sorman Rai

1977

Mizoram

5.

Hav

Kishore Rai

1997

OP Rakshak (J&K)

6.

Capt

AN Nair

2000

J&K

7.

Lt

HS Bist

2001

J&K

8.

Nk

Haidip Rai

2001

OP Rakshak (J&K)

9.

Sub

Gyan Bahadur Limbu

 2002

J&K

10.

Hav

Gokul Kumar Pradhan

2002

J&K

11.

Rfn

Ramesh Prasad Khannal

2002

J&K

12.

Lnk

Narbu Sherpa

2008

J&K

13.

Rfn

Lal Bahadur Tamang

2008

J&K

YUDH SEVA MEDAL

1.

Brig

VK Patil

2004

J&K

2.

Brig

KVS Lalotra

2004

J&K

3.

Brig

Bipin Rawat

2009

J&K

SENA MEDAL

1.

Rfn/Safai

Bachau Masih

1962

J&K

2.

Maj

Ram Paul Malhotra

1965

Western Sector

3.

Rfn

Chandra Bahadur Limbu

1965

Western Sector

4.

Rfn

Kabir Man Rai

1968

J&K

5.

Hav

Bir Bahadur Tamang

1968

Eastern Sector

6.

Sub

Talman Limbu

 1970

Nagaland

7.

Lnk

Ram Bahadur Rai

 1970

Nagaland

8.

Maj

SM Mantravadi

1970

Mizoram

9.

Capt

RV Ram

1970

Nagaland

10.

2Lt

TS Madan

1971

Eastern Sector

11.

Lnk

Dhan Raj Rai

1971

Eastern Sector

12.

Lnk

Guru Das Rai

1971

Eastern Sector

13.

Rfn

Ran Bahadur Rai

1971

Western Sector

14.

Nk

Bir Bahadur Magar

1971

Eastern Sector

15.

Lnk

Ratan Bahadur Rai

1971

Western Sector

16.

Maj

Madan Gopal

1976

Mizoram

17.

Capt

RC Patial

1980

J&K

18.

Capt

KVS Lalotra

1981

Belgaum

19.

Lt Col

R P Malhotra

1982

 

20.

Lnk

Bhim Bahadur Limbu

1982

Jonsang Peak

21.

Maj

Raj Bir Yadav

1987

 

22.

Nk

Shekhar Rai

1991

OP Pawan

23.

Lnk

Bishnu Prasad Rai

1991

OP Pawan

24.

Lnk

Ram Kumar Rai

1991

OP Pawan

25.

Sub

Gopal Tamang

1992

OP Bajrang

26.

Maj

SS Anjaria

1992

OP Rakshak (J&K)

27.

Sub

Dev Mani Rai

1993

OP Bajrang

28.

Rfn/Safai

Raju Balmiki

1993

OP Rakshak (J&K)

29.

Hav

Tilok Singh Limbu

1993

OP Rakshak (J&k)

30.

Col

GM Nair

1994

OP Rhino

31.

Maj

HGV Singh

1994

OP Bajrang

32.

Capt

YR Pathak

1995

J&K

33.

L/Hav

Pujendra Singh Basnet

1995

Harsil

34.

Maj

Sanjiv Singh

1996

Mtn Expedition

35.

Sub

Kishor Ratna Mani Rai

1997

Mtn Expedition

36.

Capt

AK Punia

1997

OP Rhino

37.

Rfn

Indra Kumar Rai (Posthumous)

1997

Manipur

38.

Rfn

Umesh Rai (Posthumous)i

1997

Manipur

39.

2Lt

SK Chettri (Posthumous)

1997

Mountaineering

40.

Lnk

Subha Raj Rai

1998

OP Hifazat (Manipur)

41.

Lnk

Ganesh Bahadur Limbu

1998

Rajouri Sector (J&K)

42.

Lnk

Rudra Rai

1998

OP Hifazat

43.

Lnk

Atam Raj Rai

1999

OP Meghdoot

44.

Hav

Gyan Bahadur Rai

2000

OP Vijay

45.

Rfn

Budhi Raj Rai

2000

OP Vijay

46.

Hav

Asal Kumar Limbu

2001

OP Rakshak (J&K)

47.

Hav

Rohit Gurung

2001

Mountaineering

48.

Lt

Kapil Gaur

2002

J&K

49.

Rfn

Shyam Rai

2002

OP Rakshak (J&K)

50.

Nb Sub

Kalindra Prasad Limbu

2002

OP Rakshak (J&K)

51.

Rfn

Sit Bahadur Tamang

2002

OP Rakshak (J&K)

52.

Rfn

Dinesh Pradhan

2002

J&K

53.

Rfn/Ptr

Nawang Tamang

2002

J&K

54.

Rfn

Kishan Rai

2003

OP Rakshak(J&K)

55.

Lnk

Kanchan Mukhia

2003

OP Meghdoot

56.

Lnk

Benoor Rai

2003

OP Rakshak(J&K)

57.

Sub

Dhan Bahadur Limbu

2003

Lebanon

58.

Maj

Sarit Prakash (ARMD)

2004

J&K

59.

Rfn

Mohan Thapa

2004

J&K

60.

Col

Bipin Rawat

2005

Delhi

61.

Col

YVK Mohan

2005

Siachen

62.

Lnk

Saran Rai

2006

J&K

63.

Col

AK Singh

2007

J&K

64.

Sub

Man Bahadur Gurung

2007

J&K

65.

Sub

Yam Bahadur Mukhia

2007

Assam

66.

NK

Ramesh Kumar Tamang

2007

Assam

67.

Lnk

Phurba Tshering Sherpa

2007

Assam

68.

Rfn

Tashi Lama

2007

Assam

69.

Rfn

Bir Bahadur Limbu

2007

Assam

70.

Rfn

Roshan Rai

2007

J&K

71.

Col

Pramit Saxena

2008

Assam

72.

Capt

SK Chaudhary

2008

Assam

73.

Maj

Prashant Rai

2008

Assam

74.

Lt

Parikshit Sharma

2008

J&K

75.

Nk

Padam Bahadur Rai

2008

Assam

76.

Maj

Sudhir Khandka

2009

Assam

77.

Nb Sub

P Narjit Singh

2009

Game

78.

Maj

Navdeep Kadian

2010

28 AR

79.

Brig

AL Chavan

2010

J&K

80.

Brig

Shokin Chauhan

2010

J&K

81.

Sub

Topgay Bhutia, SM

2010

Expedition Trisul

82.

Nb/Sub

Mahendra Kumar Limbu

2010

J&K

JEEVAN RAKSHA PADAK

1.

LNk

Khyam Bahadur Rai

2000

Patna

VISHISHT SEVA MEDAL

1.

Lt Col

NS Nair

1971

Eastern Sector

2.

Capt

KV Cherian

1982

Sikkim

3.

Hav

Lalit Kumar Rai

1982

Inf Sch Mhow

4.

Sub Maj

Dorjie Tamang

1984

Darjeeling

5.

Col

RP Malhotra,SM

1984

Bombay

6.

Maj

SS Pandey

1985

 

7.

Col

KS Mall

1986

Lucknow

8.

Col

BK Bopanna

1988

 

9.

Maj Gen

P Dutt

1992

J&K

10.

Col

CB Thapa

1994

Delhi

11.

Brig

JBS Yadava

1994

OP Rakshak (Punjab)

12.

Col

I Narayan

1999

Manipur

13.

Col

Bipin Rawat

2001

Arunachal Pradesh

14.

Maj Gen

B J Gupta

2003

HQ Eastern Comd

15.

Col

Rajbir Yadav

2003

J&K

16.

Brig

CB Thapa

2004

Delhi

17.

Capt

SS Negi

2005

Expedition

18.

Hav

Topgay Bhutia

2006

Mountaineering

19.

Col

RN Suryavanshee

 

 

20.

Brig

RC Talwar

 

 

21.

Brig

HGV Singh,SM

2008

5SECT OR

22.

Brig

Shokin Chauhan

2008

Kathmandu

23.

Lt Gen

GM Nair, SM

2009

Delhi

24.

Col

Pankaj Singh

2009

J&K

25.

Maj Gen

Rakesh Sharma

2011

Distinguished

26.

Brig

Anil Chauhan

2011

Manipur (West)

27.

Maj Gen

Ashok Kumar Sen

2012

 

28.

Brig

AL Chavan,SM

2012

 

29.

Brig

MS Dhanoa

2012