Goa Daman and Diu - 1961

The British (and the French) removed themselves from their colonial possessions in India gracefully. However, the case was not the same for the Portuguese, who hung on to three small pockets on India's western coast in spite of repeated polite diplomatic reminders that the concept of European nations holding overseas colonies was antiquated to say the least. Embarrassingly, Portugal refused to heed these for a full 14 years.

With reluctance, the Government of India used minimal force to bring the point home that they were not welcome any more. The Indian Army action in Goa was again more in the nature of a show of force rather than an operation. Either way, this was the last liberation war of consolidation against a non-sub continental power.