Bilateral relations with China: Relations between the two nations have improved over the past few years. Constructive engagement at the political, diplomatic and military level is continuing with regular military exchanges from time to time. Defence Ministers of both countries visited each other's country as part of increased bilateral exchanges.


India desires peaceful and cordial relations with all neighbours, including China. Towards this end, a policy of constructive engagement and of maintaining peace and tranquility along the LAC is ensured. Concurrently, necessary development of infrastructure and improved military preparedness including force modernisation, continues to meet the present and future security challenges.


Situation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC): The situation along India-China border continues to be peaceful. There are a few areas along the border where India and China have differing perception of the LAC. Both sides patrol up to their respective perceptions of LAC. Specific cases of transgressions by Chinese patrols into such areas across LAC are taken up with Chinese authorities through the established mechanism of Hot Lines, Flag Meetings and Border Personnel Meetings.


Joint Training Exercise 'Hand-in-Hand': A Joint Training Exercise on Counter Terrorism was successfully conducted by both countries at Chengdu, China. The joint exercise was resumed after a gap of five years. The exercise has won the Indian Army admiration of the PLA and both Armies have also mutually benefitted.


Nepal: The focus on enhancing military to military relations as part of ongoing defence cooperation between India and Nepal has been further strengthened in various fields. Exercise Surya Kiran is conducted between the two countries every year. Regular visits by medical teams, teams and visit of senior officers, being undertaken.


Bhutan: In keeping with the traditional close ties with Bhutan, the Indian Military Training Team has been actively pursuing defence cooperation.


Myanmar: Myanmar has opened up to democratic norms with an unique model of military control. Our defence cooperation has been strengthened in the last one year. We have provided road construction equipment and war gaming software to Myanmar as part of defence cooperation.